How are Orthodontic Problems Prevented?

How are Orthodontic Problems Prevented?It is very important to monitor the structure of children's primary teeth to gain an idea about the state of health of the permanent teeth that will later form. Due to the fact that primary teeth are temporary, they are usually ignored and pulled out earlier than necessary. It is important for primary teeth to be intact throughout the completion of their natural changing cycle for both the healthy development of the jawbone and to serve as a foundation to attain a properly closing bite.   

Parents should start brushing their children's teeth when their first primary teeth start to erupt (around age 3) and the formation of cavities should be prevented through the implementation of protective applications. Children should be examined by an orthodontist around the ages of 6-7, when their first permanent teeth start to erupt. An examination conducted at this age can diagnose both biting problems and problems related to the skeletal irregularities of the jawbones. Orthodontic problems may occur due to other factors such as the tonsils, adenoids, mouth breathing or atypical swallowing.   

The main purpose of orthodontics for children is to eliminate the factors that cause orthodontic problems. Sometimes, orthodontic problems can be eliminated with the implementation of a few simple precautions without having the need to wear braces or dental plates. If necessary precautions are taken and causes for orthodontic problems are eliminated in childhood, orthodontic and orthopedic problems can recover to a certain extent.  

Dentition in infants begins at around 3-6 months with the eruption of the first cutting teeth. This process continues until the age of 3. Between the ages of 3-6, there is no change in the dentition. Permanent dentition starts with the eruption of the permanent cutting teeth and the first molar teeth which occurs between the ages of 6-7 and ends with the eruption of canine teeth which occurs between the ages of 12-13. One of the most important things to be careful about during childhood is the protection of the first molar teeth that erupt around the ages of 6-7. These teeth are usually mistakened for primary teeth and are neglected. They are the fundamental building blocks of dentition and they guide other permanent teeth as they erupt. Special care must be taken to keep these teeth clean and the teeth should be protected against cavities through fissure sealing (sealing of the natural crevices on the chewing surfaces of the teeth) applications. 

Some of the problems that may occur in children can be easily diagnosed by parents themselves. 
Parents should keep an eye out for the following signs of irregularities:  
The forward or backward placement of teeth, 
Overlapping teeth and protrusion of the tongue during swallowing, 
Sleeping with an open mouth,
Large gaps between teeth or crowded teeth,
Eruption of left and right teeth at different times, 
Continuing habits of thumb sucking, bottle feeding,
The forward or backward placement of the upper or lower jaw that is clearly distinguishable from the outside.
The ideal time for orthodontic treatment depends on the type and severity of the problem and should be determined by an orthodontist. The treatment of simple dental problems are usually postponed until the age of 12. Nevertheless, especially the problems related to the first molar teeth, problems that occur due to the premature loss of primary teeth and skeletal problems of the jawbone fall under the category of problems that should be treated at an early age. Due to the fact that problems related to the forward or backward positioning of the jawbone are treated using children's growth potential, treatment should start at the ages of 7-8 and should be completed around the ages of 11-12.