Diş Eti Tedavileri (Periodontoji)

Treatment of Gums PERIODONTOLOGY

Diş Eti Tedavileri PERIODONTOLOJIThe fundamental reason causing gum disease is a transparent, sticky layer called bacteria plaque which fastens tightly to the surface of teeth. You can notice the layer of plaque built up on your teeth when you scrape your teeth with your fingernails. One milligram of plaque contains 200 to 500 bacteria. The following factors also have adverse effects on the health of your gums:
GENETIC FACTORS Results of research conclude that there is a 30% rate of genetic susceptibility. Furthermore, poor oral hygiene increases the risk of gum disease by 6 fold. If there is a person in the family that has experienced gum disease, it is advised that you definitely be examined by a periodontologist.

SMOKING As we all know, smoking causes serious illnesses such as cancer, lung, heart diseases. In addition, smoking is very harmful to the buccal mucosa and gums. It causes gums to soften and leads to the development of gum diseases.

DRUG USE Birth control pills, anti-depressants, heart medication - to name a few - adversely effect oral health. Thus, if you are using any of the abovementioned drugs, please inform your dentist and place particular importance on your oral care.

HORMONAL CHANGES You must place particular importance on your oral care during periods when your body undergoes high levels of hormonal change such as pregnancy, puberty, menopause and menstruation. Your gums will be more sensitive during these periods. Susceptibility to gum diseases also increases.

STRESS Hypertension is one of the risk factors of gum disease along with being one of the causes of numerous serious diseases like cancer. Studies have shown that stress makes it difficult for the body to fight infections, including periodontal diseases.

TOOTH CLENCHING OR GRINDING Tooth clenching or grinding results in the degradation of periodontal tissues due to the decrease in the forces between the teeth and the gums. Tooth clenching is one of the reasons that cause receding gums. It is necessary to use a removable night guard to stop tooth clenching.

MALNUTRITION Malnutrition results in the weakening of the body's immune system and makes it difficult for the body to fight against infections, including gum infections (See, Balanced nutrition and dental health).

DIABETES Diabetic patients fall within the group of patients that have a high risk of developing periodontal infections. It is necessary for diabetic patients to have their gums checked regularly by a periodontologist and take additional care to maintain their oral hygiene.

POORLY APPLIED CROWN BRIDGE AND FILLINGS Fillings, crowns and bridges that exert pressure on the gums or overflow cause problems in gums.
Healthy Teeth and Gums

If bacteria plaque is not removed, they form residue called tartar. The toxins produced by the bacteria within the plaque (harmful materials) cause damage to the gums. Toxins decompose the supporting tissue around the gums and recede away from the teeth. More bacteria plaque is built up in the newly created periodontal pockets. As periodontal disease develops further, the periodontal pockets grow deeper. Bacteria plaque bonds to the newly exposed surface of the roots. Bone support is lost and the teeth that cannot be treated start to become loose until they are finally pulled out.

Other Factors That Cause Gum Disease?

Although the main cause of periodontal disease is bacteria plaque, other factors may also adversely effect the health of your gums.   Your diet and smoking habits both effect your oral health....

Diagnosis of Gum Disease and Methods of Prevention?

When dentists suspect abnormalities in the general appearance of the gums, they measure the size of the pocket between the teeth and the gums using a tool called the periodontal probe. Periodontal exa...

Tartar Removal (Scaling)

Tartar is a sedimentary build-up of plaque that settles and hardens on the gum line which can sometimes reach underneath the gums. We remove such petrified deposits during the process of teeth scaling...